Earn your place in fitness Valhalla with these CrossFit-style workouts from Viking training expert James Buchanan…
This is the year the Vikings will be invading your screen from every angle. Vikings: Valhalla – the follow-up to Vikings and The Last Kingdom – is on Netflix, and The Northman, starring a ripped Alexander Skarsgård, hit cinemas earlier this month.
The Vikings capture our imagination for their adventurous spirit and – lest we forget – brutal attacks around Christianised Europe. Rowing to shore, carrying off as much as they could and not worrying too much about the body count along the way.
That conventional ‘Vikings’ image as we know it, however, wasn’t so much a collective of people, as an occupation: for fame and glory-hungry individuals to conquer new territory and mark their legend.
Primarily they came from Scandinavia, spreading out from Norway, Sweden and Denmark. They then set up pirate bases around Scotland and Ireland, once those aforementioned countries had begun to organise themselves into unified states.
But the Vikings’ adventurous spirit and daring dos took them well beyond the confines of Europe. Folk stories in Azerbaijan and Spain tell of the ‘Madjus’: the fire raisers or worshippers who came in their dragon ships, wreaked havoc and burned a lot of stuff in the process.
And a runestone exists on top of an isolated mountain top in northern Greenland, with the names of two adventurous Norsemen who had been hunting for walrus ivory in the area.
Despite a deep belief in fate, these were people who didn’t kick back and wait for it. Ethics aside, they crossed wild oceans and made adventure their calling card – hoisting sails, carrying hordes of loot and fighting anyone who got in the way.
All of which, for our interest, required an elite level of fitness well beyond the physical labouring strength of the era.
What do Viking workouts involve?
‘Functional fitness’ – being fit for purpose, whatever that may be – is the phrase of the moment, and these guys were the pioneers. Being a Viking was a profession – one that required well-developed, full-body strength and the cardiovascular engine to run and raid for days at a time.
While the slaves did the menial work (as was the case with most of the world), the Vikings trained their minds and bodies for the task at hand.
The Icelandic sagas – heroic stories, blending myth and reality – are a useful reference point to get a sense of the Vikings’ physical skills and accomplishments (though they should be taken with a large handful of salt).
Olaf Tryggvason, who went from slave to king of Norway, could apparently swim with and remove a full suit of chainmail underwater – a feat reminiscent of modern-day Navy SEAL training. The Vikings also had an underwater wrestling game, in which it was deemed honourable to revive the loser.
Key Viking fitness traits:
Alongside swimming, rowing was an obvious and necessary skill, also deemed an honourable pursuit. The rowing crew were free men – slaves did not row Viking boats. One of the Orkney Jarls cites sculling as one of his many skills.
Every free man bore arms, and learning to use weapons and fight without them was learned from an early age. Icelandic ‘warrior poet’ (not many of them around these days) Egil was participating in Glima matches – a unique form of wrestling – since he was seven, and exact wooden replicas of swords for children have been found in Dublin.
An extensive treaty written in Scandinavia post-Viking era mentions the usage of heavier-than-normal weapons for training. It also cites the importance of good training partners, and even hydration mid-session. Like modern-day strongmen, heavy stone lifting was a thing, too.
Apparently, to be a member of the Icelandic fishing crew at the bay of Dritvik, a 154kg stone had to be lifted off the ground.
But beyond these macho attributes, it’s agility and coordination that are most frequently mentioned in historical sources. Walking along the moving oars of a longship, juggling swords, switching sword and shield hands mid-fight, handstand walking around the mead hall tables, and leaping in full armour, are just some of the feats that reoccur.
The Viking Training System has created the following unique workouts and challenges based on the exploits of famous Viking warriors…
The Ultimate Viking Workout
Sweyn Asleifsson was known as the ‘Ultimate Viking’.
Born around 1115 in Caithness, Scotland, he soon became famous as a raider who mixed with royalty. This challenge is based on his epic escape from Lambaborg Castle.
Do each exercise for 1 minute, squeezing as many reps out as possible.
1a. Rope Climb
- The most efficient way to climb is by looping your feet around the rope and driving up with your legs.
- To make it more upper-body focused, try pulling with arm power alone.
1b. Row – Arms Only
- Replicate Viking rowing by removing your legs from the equation.
- Ramp the resistance up high and pull with your lats.
1c. Sledgehammer Strike
- Begin the movement by bringing the sledgehammer up and behind you.
- At the peak of the swing, the hand that started at the top should be shifting down, toward the handle.
- As you strike the tyre, use the bounce to reposition your hands to the initial set-up.
1d. Farmer’s Carry
- Stand in-between a pair of heavy kettlebells (or any heavy objects).
- Hinge forward with your back straight, until your arms reach the handles of the kettlebells.
- Then use your legs and straight back (torso tension) to lift them off the floor.
- Keep your lats and core tight, and walk with controlled steps.
1e. Box Jump
- Stand just in front of a box with feet shoulder-width apart.
- Swing your arms and hinge your hips back with a tall chest, flat back and engaged core.
- Then swing your arms forward, using momentum to jump up and slightly forward, landing softly with both feet completely on the box.
- Carefully step back down.
A Strandhogg was a lightning-fast coastal raid for booty and supplies.
Complete the exercises in this intense circuit back-to-back with no rest.
Once 1 round is complete, rest for a minute, then do the whole thing twice more.
1a. Row x 500m
- Initiate the drive/stroke with your legs first, then arms and upper body follow.
- Extend your legs completely and pull the handle towards your stomach (below your ribs).
- When the drive is finished, prepare for the ‘catch’ with first your arms, then upper body, reversing the drive movement.
1b. Tyre Flip x 20
- Protect your back by taking a wide stance and getting low, digging your fingers under the tyre and driving up with your glutes.
- Drive forward to finish the rep, or lower the tyre if you’re short of space.
1c. Dumbbell Step-Up x 20
- Stand in front of a knee- to hip-height platform, holding a pair of dumbbells.
- Place one foot on the platform, and drive through your heel and glutes to stand.
- Step back down, then repeat on the other leg.
1d. Row x 500m
- Remember to drive with your legs, not your arms.
Sigurd won the heart of the goddess Brunhild by winning three feats of strength and fitness: long jump, javelin and shot put.
Replicate his heroics by completing 3 rounds of the following…
1a. Standing Broad Jump x 20m
- From standing, drop into a quarter squat in preparation for jumping explosively forward.
- Drive through the balls of your feet to leap into the air – covering as much ground as possible with each jump.
1b. Single-Arm Medicine Ball Throw x 10 (each arm)
- Stand holding a moderately heavy medicine ball (10kg or so) in both hands.
- Twist your torso and shift the weight of the ball into your throwing hand.
- Now drive through your hips and push the ball out of your hand – throwing it as far as you can.
1c. Ball slam x 20
- With the medicine ball between your feet, do a deep squat to grab the ball from the ground.
- Stand all the way up onto your toes while stretching the ball up over your head.
- Explosively drive your hips back while simultaneously dragging the ball down and smashing it into the floor, just in front of you.
Words: James Buchanan | Illustrations: Peter Liddiard